Definitions of critical thinking, its elements, and its associated activities fill the educational literature of the past forty years. After a careful review of the mountainous body of literature defining critical thinking and its elements, UofL has chosen to adopt the language of Michael Scriven and Richard Paul as a comprehensive, concise operating definition:. Paul and Scriven go on to suggest that critical thinking is based on: "universal intellectual values that transcend subject matter divisions: clarity, accuracy, precision, consistency, relevance, sound evidence, good reasons, depth, breadth, and fairness. It entails the examination of those structures or elements of thought implicit in all reasoning: purpose, problem, or question-at-issue, assumptions, concepts, empirical grounding; reasoning leading to conclusions, implication and consequences, objections from alternative viewpoints, and frame of reference. Critical thinking - in being responsive to variable subject matter, issues, and purposes - is incorporated in a family of interwoven modes of thinking, among them: scientific thinking, mathematical thinking, historical thinking, anthropological thinking, economic thinking, moral thinking, and philosophical thinking. This conceptualization of critical thinking has been refined and developed further by Richard Paul and Linder Elder into the Paul-Elder framework of critical thinking.
4.5: How to Analyze Fiction - Elements of Literature
Critical thinking | Definition of Critical thinking at njasl.info
Literature is an effective tool for engaging students in critical thinking. By teaching children to analyse and evaluate literary texts appropriate to their age and interests, we can help them develop critical thinking skills. This involves seeing relationships between events, drawing inferences, analysing events, synthesising evidence and evaluating both the content of a text and the language used to the express ideas contained within it. This involves analysing, drawing inferences, synthesising, and evaluating concepts and information in literary texts. Explaining to students the principles or theories behind any practical activity that has just taken place during a workshop. The skill of forming opinions, or developing ideas, about something from information supplied in a text. The literature class gives a teacher the opportunity to engage students in discussions about the ideas expressed in literary texts.
Critical Thinking in Reading and Composition
Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. Lai and Michael Bay-Borelli and R. Background knowledge is a necessary but not a sufficient condition for enabling critical thought within a given subject. Critical thinking involves both cognitive skills and dispositions.
What a pleasure it is to read a good book and then talk about it! Thankfully, doing these two simple things is an effective way of developing critical thinking skills — provided you ask and discuss the right questions. Level 3 — Application Make use of the knowledge gleaned from the book. Apply the book to your own life. Level 6 — Evaluation Judge the value of the book based on specific criteria and give reasons for your evaluation.